Exodus 25 -40
Tonight we will be covering a great deal of information. I would encourage you to read these chapters on your own in order to really get a deeper understanding of all the details.
Last week we ended with Moses being upon the mountain for 40
days and 40 night in which he did not eat or drink. During this time he
received the 2 tablets of stone which contained the 10 commandments that were
written by God himself. He also received very detailed instruction on how to
build the portable tabernacle and all the things that go along with it that the
Children of Israel would take a long with them on their journey into the
wilderness. All of these detailed instructions are given in Chapters 25-30 and
then you can read in detail of how these things were constructed according to
Gods commands in chapters† 36 Ė 40. For
the sake of time I will summarize what is involved in this portable tabernacle
but before I do that I want to† begin in Chapter 32 which tells us what the
†Exodus 32:1 Now when the people saw that Moses
delayed coming down from the mountain, the people gathered together to Aaron,
and said to him, "Come, make us gods that shall go before us; for as
for this Moses, the man who brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we do
not know what has become of him."† 2
And Aaron said to them, "Break off the golden earrings which are in
the ears of your wives, your sons, and your daughters, and bring them to
me."† 3 "So all the
people broke off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and
brought them to Aaron.† 4
And he received the gold from their hand, and he fashioned it with an
engraving tool, and made a molded calf. Then they said, "This is your
This is truly amazing. Here we
have the children of
Exodus 32:7 And the LORD said to Moses,
"Go, get down! For your people whom you brought out of the
God could see what they Children of
Exodus 32:15 And Moses turned and went down from the mountain, and the two tablets of the Testimony were in his hand. The tablets were written on both sides; on the one side and on the other they were written.† 16 Now the tablets were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God engraved on the tablets.
This is one of those little details that you can miss really easy. Notice that the tablets of stone where written on both sides. I think most people would probably think that they were just written on 1 side.
In vrs 17-29 Moses meets up with Joshua†
and make their way down the mountain. They hear all kinds of noise going
on in the camp and then when Moses sees with his eyes of how sinful the
children of Israel are being he gets angry and throws down the 2 tablets of
stone and they break he goes and burn the golden calf and then asks his brother
Aaron why in the world all of this was happening. Aaron tries to cover up
his† lack of leadership by blaming
everything on the children of
Exodus 32:30 Now it came to pass on the next day that Moses said to the people, "You have committed a great sin. So now I will go up to the LORD; perhaps I can make atonement for your sin."† 31 Then Moses returned to the LORD and said, "Oh, these people have committed a great sin, and have made for themselves a god of gold!† 32 "Yet now, if You will forgive their sin -- but if not, I pray, blot me out of Your book which You have written."† 33 And the LORD said to Moses, "Whoever has sinned against Me, I will blot him out of My book.† 34 "Now therefore, go, lead the people to the place of which I have spoken to you. Behold, My Angel shall go before you. Nevertheless, in the day when I visit for punishment, I will visit punishment upon them for their sin."† 35 So the LORD plagued the people because of what they did with the calf which Aaron made.
Moses once plead for the children
In Chapter 33:1-7 God gives the command for the Children of Israel to start the journey to the promise land of† milk and honey and he promises to send his angel before them to drive out their enemies.
In verses 8-23 Moses sets up a tent that God in the form of a cloud would speak with Moses as the people would see this they would worship God from their own tents. God promises Moses that his presence would go with him and Moses request to see Gods† glory but God informs Moses that he cannot see him in full glory but he does allow him to see part of his glory.
Exodus 34::1 And the LORD said to Moses, "Cut two tablets
of stone like the first ones, and I will write on these tablets
the words that were on the first tablets which you broke.† 2 "So be ready in the
morning, and come up in the morning to Mount Sinai, and present yourself to Me
there on the top of the mountain.† 3
"And no man shall come up with you, and let no man be seen throughout all
the mountain; let neither flocks nor herds feed before that
mountain."† 4 So he cut
two tablets of stone like the first ones. Then Moses rose early in the
morning and went up
Once again Moses goes up on the mountain to receive the 10 commandments again. The first time God provided the stone tablets this time since Moses broke them he had to cut the tablets out stone himself but God was still going to write the commandments on the stones† and also Moses was to rewrite some of the same words or commandments down that he was told to write down† earlier by God. God once again reminds Moses to tell the people when they engage their enemies not have anything to do with their false God and to make sure and tear down all their alters and he retells them about keeping the Sabbath† and various other laws.
Exodus 34:28 †8 So he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he neither ate bread nor drank water. And He wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments.
Just like the first time Moses was on the mountain 40 days and 40 night and he did not eat or drink.
Exodus 34:29 Now it was so, when Moses came down from
I find this really interesting. Since Moses had been in the presence of God
his face was shinning and it scared the people so much that he would have to
wear a veil while he was around them. No doubt Moses glowing face would be a
reminder the children of
2 Corinthians 3:12-16 †12 Therefore, since we have such hope, we use great boldness of speech --† 13 unlike Moses, who put a veil over his face so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at the end of what was passing away.† 14 But their minds were blinded. For until this day the same veil remains unlifted in the reading of the Old Testament, because the veil is taken away in Christ.† 15 But even to this day, when Moses is read, a veil lies on their heart.† 16 Nevertheless when one turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away.
This of course refers to the temporary nature of law of Moses and how it was replaced with the law of Christ.
Now it time for use to backtrack and a take a summarized look at what God tells† Moses to do in regard to building the tabernacle. First lets pick up in the book of Hebrews 8 so that we can see why its important for us to study about the tabernacle. Lets pick in verse 4 where is talking about Jesus.
Hebrews 8:4-5 †4 For if He were on earth, He would not be a priest, since there are priests who offer the gifts according to the law;† 5 who serve the copy and shadow of the heavenly things, as Moses was divinely instructed when he was about to make the tabernacle. For He said, "See that you make all things according to the pattern shown you on the mountain."
Notice the tabernacle is a type or shadow of heavenly things. So there are
a lot of comparison that can be made between the earthly tabernacle and
heaven† itself. You will also notice that
Moses had to make all things† according
to the pattern that was shown him. God has always had a certain way he wants
things done and expects us to follow these instruction. It would be good for
people to understand this today. To many people want to worship God there way
they† want to build the church their way.
The only way to be pleasing to God is to do it by the pattern he has given† us in his†
word. In Exodus 25 Ė 30 you will find some very specific detail on how
God want the children of
†The ark of the testimony
Exodus 25:10-22 was the ark of covenant which is viewed God thrown and covered by a lid which was is referred to as the mercy seat which had 2 cherubims that faced each other and the high priest would sprinkle blood on this mercy seat once a year. The ark was located in the most holy of holies and only the high priest selected that year could enter into this portion of the tabernacle. The ark contained Hebrews 9:4 †e golden pot that had the manna, Aaron's rod that budded, and the tablets of the covenant;
The table for the show bread
This† was short table only 3 feet long and† was used to hold the 12 loves of bread which would be put each Sabbath† day.
The Gold lamp stand
The lamps stand had 7 shafts and ever evening and morning pure olive oil was added to keep the lamp continually burning. The number 7 symbolizes completion or perfection.
The tabernacle :
The tabernacle was pretty elaborate design and was made it such a way that it could† be easily taken down and moved and rebuilt again. It consisted of a wood frame and gold and many different kinds of curtains made from differing materials and there was a veil that seperated the holy place from the most holy place.†
The Alter of burn offering
This was a square shaped alter with horns on the corner it was used for burning the bodies of animals offered up for sacrifice and was located in the courtyard of the tabernacle
The court of the tabernacle
was structure that was build around the tabernacle itself† where people would gather on a† feast day but it was not big enough to† hold† everyone so most of the people would gather on the outside of the courtyard.
Garments† for the priesthood
God had specific way he wanted his priest to be dressed there a basically 6 parts to their out fit.
Ephod was like a beautiful† apron
The Breast piece which was attached to the ephod contained 12
gemstones† which contained the 12 names
of the tribes of
The robe Ephod was a blue type of dress without sleeves that was worn under the ephod.
The tunic or coat was an under garment worn under the robe of Ephod
The turban was made for Aarons head and contained the words HOLY TO THE LORD
The sash which held the ephod and the robe of the ephod close to the body.
Exodus 29 gives the details on how† Moses† was to appoint and consecrate the priest. You really should read this chapter and see all that had to be done it is quite interesting we also† learn from the chapter that† were to bring† daily offerings.
The† Alter of† Incense
Exodus 30: 1-10
This was a small alter set next to the veil so that the incense would make it way into the the holy of holies. The incense had to be a specific kind and they were burned morning and evening when sin offering was made. The NT describes our prayers a being an incense to God Rev. 5:8. Just as the incenses was burnt morning and night we should offer up our prayers to God on continues basis.
The Ransom Money
This† was to† given by all when a census was taken both the rich and the poor 20 years old and over were to give half a† shekel.
The Bronze Laver
This† was used by the priest and they would† always wash up before they went into the holy place. In similar manner before one enters in to Gods kingdom they to must be washed made pure by the blood of Jesus Christ at the point of baptism.
After all these instruction are given we learn from Exodus 31 that 2 main men were selected by God† Bezalel from tribe of Judah and Aholiab tribe of Dan. God gives them the spirit of wisdom† on how to construct all God has specified. In Exodus 36 we find out that the people were very willing to give all that was need† for the making of tabernacle in fact that gave to much and had to be told donít give any more. One thing you can say they were defiantly a giving people.
In Exodus 36 -40 you read about the construction and completion of the tabernacle and how they were to set this tabernacle up on the first day of the first month of their new year. When† everything was complete† according to God pattern God blesses the place with his presence.†
Exodus 40:34 †Then the
cloud covered the tabernacle of meeting, and the glory of the LORD filled the
tabernacle.† 35 And Moses was
not able to enter the tabernacle of meeting, because the cloud rested above it,
and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.† 36 Whenever the cloud was taken up
from above the tabernacle, the children of