Exodus 23 Ė24
Tonight we continue our study starting in Exodus 23. In this
chapter God continues to give more instructions that the children of
Exodus 23:1 "You shall not circulate a false report.
This verse would cover two sins. First one would be lying.
Lying has never been tolerated †by God no
matter which covenant your under. The second sin would be that of gossiping. It
bad enough to lie but to gossip about a lie is getter pretty low. God did not
want such thing happening to the children of
Exodus 23:2 ††"You shall not follow a crowd to do evil;
This all has to do with peer pressure. This is usually associated with teenagers but it can happen with adults as well. All it takes is a few strong willed people to start a group that can eventually turn into out of control mob† that will do evil things that they normal would not do. I cant help but think of the crowd that got stirred up by Pharisees as Jesus stood before Pilate and how they joined together in thought to have Jesus crucified. So the command here is great advice donít follow a crowd to do evil.
Exodus 23:8 ††"And you shall take no bribe, for a bribe blinds the discerning and perverts the words of the righteous.
This was great advice for them back then and it certainly is good advice for our politicians today. To many people especial politicians comprise their own beliefs for bribes that are giving to them.
Exodus 23:10 " Six years you shall sow your land and gather in its produce,† 11 "but the seventh year you shall let it rest and lie fallow, that the poor of your people may eat; and what they leave, the beasts of the field may eat. In like manner you shall do with your vineyard and your olive grove. †
This is similar to the weekly Sabbath as to where they were to work 6 days and rest on the seventh but this is a yearly event. 6 years they sow the ground and gather the produce and then they leave it alone for a year. Whatever comes up on its own that year will go to the poor or to the animals of the field. This command would have to be obeyed with their faith and trust in God knowing the he would provide for them during this year they took off.
Leviticus 25: 20 'And if you say, "What shall we eat in the seventh year, since we shall not sow nor gather in our produce?"† 21 'Then I will command My blessing on you in the sixth year, and it will bring forth produce enough for three years.
If they would† obey†
God commands he would take care of them by giving them enough harvest to
last for 3 years on that† 6th
year of their crops. The great lesson we can learn from this is that even
though we may not understand why God wants us do certain things a certain way
we just need to trust in him and know that he will† provide for us just as he did for the
In Exodus 23:14-19 we find out the children of
The first feast was feast of unleavened bread or the
Passover. As we all know this feast was a yearly remembrance of how God
delivered the children of
Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service. 2 And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God.
There are many sacrifices Christians must make in order not be conformed to this world.
The second feast is know
as the feast of Harvest, the feast of weeks or as we commonly call it
Pentecost. This feast was used to celebrate the completion of the barley
harvest. On this day they did not work treating it as a Sabbath day. According
to Lev. 23:15-22 they would offer up leaven bread and animal sacrifices and
they also made free will offerings during this time according to Deut. 16:10.
This feast took place during the month of Sivan which corresponds to part of
our May and June. It also said that this feast was remembrance of the law given
The third feast was
called the feast of the Ingathering also know as the feast of the Tabernacles.
This feast took place during the Jewish month of Tishri which covers part of
our September and October. This feast would become a time of remembrance
of† the children of
All of these feast we put
into place so that children of
Exodus ††19 "The first of the firstfruits of your land you shall bring into the house of the LORD your God.
The first fruits of any crop is always the best. I know that when I grow cantaloupe in my garden I canít hardly wait for the very first cantaloupes to come ready because they are the best. God is in essence telling the children I want you to give me your best. The same thing is true for us today in a spiritual sense. God wants us to give him our best. That is why we are told love god with all your heart with all your soul and with all your mind.
The book of Malachi provides a excellent a example of what not to give to God.
Malachi 1:6 " A son honors his father, And a servant his master. If then I am the Father, Where is My honor? And if I am a Master, Where is My reverence? Says the LORD of hosts To you priests who despise My name. Yet you say, 'In what way have we despised Your name?'† 7 "You offer defiled food on My altar. But say, 'In what way have we defiled You?' By saying, 'The table of the LORD is contemptible.'† 8 And when you offer the blind as a sacrifice, Is it not evil? And when you offer the lame and sick, Is it not evil? Offer it then to your governor! Would he be pleased with you? Would he accept you favorably?" Says the LORD of hosts.†
When they offered† a animal sacrifice it was suppose be your best animal yet they were trying to get away with offering up lame, blind and sick animals that would have most likely died on their own very shortly. We must be careful that we donít give God our leftovers because it will not be pleasing to him.
Exodus 23: 20 " Behold, I send an Angel before you to keep you in the way and to bring you into the place which I have prepared.† 21 "Beware of Him and obey His voice; do not provoke Him, for He will not pardon your transgressions; for My name is in Him.† 22 "But if you indeed obey His voice and do all that I speak, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries.† 23 "For My Angel will go before you and bring you in to the Amorites and the Hittites and the Perizzites and the Canaanites and the Hivites and the Jebusites; and I will cut them off.
The word angel simply messenger and can refer to a earthy† messenger or a heavenly messenger. Some would say that messenger being spoken of here was Moses. Other say that is referring to pre-incarnate Jesus Christ. Personally I think itís the latter because God† says this messengers has his name in him which to me indicates that he is deity. Also you will notice that he has the ability forgive sins which again is an attribute of deity. The message is† clear if they will obey his voice then God will take care of their enemies. Over and over again you see the God demands obedience to his word.
†24 "You shall not bow down to their gods, nor serve them, nor do according to their works; but you shall utterly overthrow them and completely break down their sacred pillars.† 25 "So you shall serve the LORD your God, and He will bless your bread and your water. And I will take sickness away from the midst of you.† 26 "No one shall suffer miscarriage or be barren in your land; I will fulfill the number of your days.† 27 " I will send My fear before you, I will cause confusion among all the people to whom you come, and will make all your enemies turn their backs to you.† 28 "And I will send hornets before you, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite from before you.
God has already called
himself a Jealous God† back in Exodus 20.
We see from this text that he doesnít want the children of
"I will not drive them out from before you in one year, lest the land
become desolate and the beast of the field become too numerous for you.† 30 "Little by little I will
drive them out from before you, until you have increased, and you inherit the
land.† 31 "And I will set
your bounds from the
Here we see Gods wonderful wisdom. God had the power to destroy all of these nation at once but he did not. He did it slowly as they came to each enemy so they could reap the most befit from each location. Again God warns them about serving their enemies false Gods.
Exodus 24: 3
So Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD and all the judgments.
And all the people answered with one voice and said, "All the words which
the LORD has said we will do."† 4
And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD. And he rose early in the morning,
and built an altar at the foot of the mountain, and twelve pillars according to
the twelve tribes of
Once again we find the
Exodus 24:9 †9 Then Moses went up, also Aaron,
Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel,† 10 and they saw the God of
Now this interesting section of scripture indeed. First of all it says that these men saw God. Obviously what they saw had to be a representation him and not God himself in full glory because Exodus 19:21-24 stated that they would die if the saw the Lord.
Exodus 33:20 But He said, "You cannot see My face; for no man shall see Me, and live."† 21 And the LORD said, "Here is a place by Me, and you shall stand on the rock.† 22 "So it shall be, while My glory passes by, that I will put you in the cleft of the rock, and will cover you with My hand while I pass by.† 23 "Then I will take away My hand, and you shall see My back; but My face shall not be seen."
Man could not behold God face or they would die. Based on the scripture they could part of Gods glory but they could not see him full glory. These men also had the privilege to see this beautiful paved work which they said was like the heavens. What a wonderful blessing these men received not only did they get to see God they ate and drank in his presence. Now you would think that this would have caused these men to be very faithful to God having the experience† but we all know that Nadab and Abihu would later on defile commandments and pay with their lives. Some people say that if they could see God then they would believe and do what God says. While that might be true is some cases it is not true in all cases because even if saw him today and had no doubt that he existed and that the Bible truly was his† word there would still plenty that will still not follow after God. Thomas the apostles was a man thought he had to see Jesus with his eyes in order to believe.
John 20:25- "Unless I see in His hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and put my hand into His side, I will not believe."† 26 And after eight days His disciples were again inside, and Thomas with them. Jesus came, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, "Peace to you!"† 27 Then He said to Thomas, "Reach your finger here, and look at My hands; and reach your hand here, and put it into My side. Do not be unbelieving, but believing."† 28 And Thomas answered and said to Him, "My Lord and my God!"† 29 Jesus said to him, "Thomas, because you have seen Me, you have believed. Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed."
None of here will ever experience the miracles or the privilege of seeing Jesus or audibly hearing Gods voice. While it would fascinating and privilege to behold such things it is necessary for us to believe because we have our faith that all the things the Bible has said is true. It not a blind faith because both internal and external† evidence shows the Bible to be true. Just a Jesus said blessed are those who have not seen yet have believed.
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Come up to Me on the mountain and be there;
and I will give you tablets of stone, and the law and commandments which I have
written, that you may teach them."† 13
So Moses arose with his assistant Joshua, and Moses went up to the
Moses goes up to receive the law and commandments and God himself with his finger will write the10 commandments† of tablets of stone. Moses is upon the mountain for 40 days and 40 nights and during this time† according to Deut 9:4 he did not eat or drink. We all know that the human body cannot survive that long without water so I can assume that while he was in presence of God that God miraculously sustained his body at this time.