LIFE OF CHRIST
our last lesson, we examined John 10:1-21, when Jesus taught that He is the
good Shepherd. As we keep things in chronological order, we will now turn our
attention to the Book of Luke. Our lesson begins in:
Luke 10:1 After these things the Lord appointed seventy others also, and sent them
two by two before His face into every city and place where He Himself was about
event, along with the next few chapters, are only recorded in Lukeís account.
Jesus had enough people following Him that He appointed 70 other also. This
means 70 others besides the 12 apostles. The time for Jesusí death was rapidly
approaching, so He used these men to get the cities prepared for His arrival
because as our text says, Jesus was about to go to these cities.
sent them out in twos. This is always a good practice to follow when it comes
to evangelizing. Not only are two heads better than one, but it also provides
more safety and makes it more difficult for someone to falsely accuse you of
something you said or did if you have a witness by your side.
the number of disciples sent out, Mr. Coffman writes the following:
The number sent on this mission
(whether seventy or seventy-two) had spiritual and symbolic overtones. The Jews
held that the Gentiles were made up of seventy nations; and at their feast of
Tabernacles, "seventy bullocks were offered on behalf of the Gentile
nations ... to make atonement for them." The cities and places to
which these seventy were dispatched were in Trans-Jordan where Gentile
population predominated. (Coffman Commentary on Luke).
say that this number might relate to the 70 elders that were appointed during
Mosesí time. Of course, there were 70 men that made up the Sanhedrin council as
well. The Bible itself makes no connection between the 70 chosen and these
other examples of 70, but it is still interesting to think on.
course the basic message they would all preach was the same of John the
Baptist, which is the kingdom is at hand.
Luke 10:2 †Then He said to
them, "The harvest truly is great, but the laborers are few;
therefore pray the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into His
has made this statement before about the harvest being great, but the laborers
are few. That is always the case. With over 7 Billion people on the planet, it
becomes quite clear that there is certainly only few laborers to reach such a
massive number. You will notice that Jesus says we should pray for more
laborers. Any evangelistic effort should begin and end with prayer.
certainly asked for prayers in his efforts to reach the lost as we can see in:
Colossians 4:2 Continue earnestly in prayer, being vigilant in it with
thanksgiving;† 3 meanwhile
praying also for us, that God would open to us a door for the word, to speak
the mystery of Christ, for which I am also in chains,† 4 that I may make it manifest, as
I ought to speak.
In the same way he warned His 12 apostles earlier on
their limited commission, he warns these 70 as we see in:
Luke 10:3 †"Go your way;
behold, I send you out as lambs among wolves.
This certainly paints a picture in your head as you
imagine an innocent lamb standing the midst of a pack of wolves. I love how Jesus
does not try and sugar coat the truth of what they were getting themselves into
because it was a real possibility that some of them might not survive due to
the vicious nature of those they would encounter.
†Next, Jesus gives
these guys similar instructions as He gave the 12 apostles earlier.
Luke 10:4 "Carry neither money bag, knapsack, nor sandals;
and greet no one along the road.†
The message is pack light, trust in God, and stay
focused on the task at hand. Some of have thought Jesus was telling them to not
wear sandals, but He was not saying this. He was telling them not to carry an
extra pair. It is all about trusting in God and trusting that He will provide
what they will need. As Paul said:
4:19 And my God shall supply all your need according to His riches in glory by
They were also told not to greet people along the
road. This may sound strange to us because we might think this simply means
saying hello to someone and maybe shaking his hand, but back then, it was much
more involved than a simple greeting. Jesus knew there was not time for these kinds
of distractions, which is why He said not to do it.
We can all understand this because we are delayed
all the time in different ways. For example, when we go to the grocery store,
we might be in a hurry to get in and out, but sometimes we run into a friend or
loved one and we might end up to talking to them for a long time especially if
we have not seen them in a while. While we enjoy getting to speak to them, our
time is all messed up now.
We can learn from this that if we are trying
accomplish something great especially if we are doing something for the
kingdom, donít allow yourself to get distracted by people or things. If you run
into a person you are dying to talk to, get their phone number and tell them
you will call them later because you do not have time to talk right then
because you are on a mission.
Jesus continues in:
whatever house you enter, first say, 'Peace to this house.'† 6 "And if a son of peace is
there, your peace will rest on it; if not, it will return to you.† 7 "And remain in the same
house, eating and drinking such things as they give, for the laborer is worthy
of his wages. Do not go from house to house.†
8 "Whatever city you enter, and they receive you, eat
such things as are set before you.† 9
"And heal the sick there, and say to them, 'The kingdom of God has come
near to you.'†
When they enter a house they were to say peace to this
house. If the man of the house was a peaceful man, the blessing of peace would
remain on the house, if not, the peace offered would return back to these
As Summers wrote: "No prayer for
God's peace or blessing is wasted ... if one upon whom the blessing is
pronounced rejects it, it will return to bless him who sincerely offered
it." ( Ray Summers, Commentary on Luke (Waco, Texas: Word Books,
Publisher, 1973), p. 127.)
They were also told to stay in the same house that welcomed them. They are not supposed to keep changing houses just because there are betting living quarters to be had. They are to be satisfied with that home, and they are to eat whatever they provide. Since these were Jews they would be staying with, the food being provided would not be food unlawful for them to eat. So, Jesus was not telling them to break the Law of Moses by eating unclean food, but to be satisfied with whatever small or great amount of food was given to them.
They were supposed to heal the sick in the city and use these miracles to preach the message that the kingdom of God has come near you. Since they were laboring, Jesus said that the laborer is worthy of his wages, which means the men were to be supported for the work they are doing for the Lord.
Paul makes a similar argument regarding those who preach the gospel in:
1 Corinthians 9:7 Who
ever goes to war at his own expense? Who plants a vineyard and does not eat of its
fruit? Or who tends a flock and does not drink of the milk of the flock?† 8 ∂ Do I say these things as
a mere man? Or does not the law say the same also?† 9 For it is written in the law of
Moses, "You shall not muzzle an ox while it treads out the grain." Is
it oxen God is concerned about?† 10
Or does He say it altogether for our sakes? For our sakes, no doubt, this
is written, that he who plows should plow in hope, and he who threshes in
hope should be partaker of his hope.† 11
If we have sown spiritual things for you, is it a great thing if we reap
your material things?† 12 ∂
If others are partakers of this right over you, are we not even
more? Nevertheless we have not used this right, but endure all things lest we
hinder the gospel of Christ.† 13
Do you not know that those who minister the holy things eat of the things of
the temple, and those who serve at the altar partake of the offerings of the
altar?† 14 Even so the Lord
has commanded that those who preach the gospel should live from the gospel.
Jesus knew that not everyone would accept
these men and their message, but Jesus prepared them for this as well as we can
Luke 10:10 "But whatever city you enter, and they do
not receive you, go out into its streets and say,† 11 'The very dust of your city
which clings to us we wipe off against you. Nevertheless know this, that the
kingdom of God has come near you.'† 12
"But I say to you that it will be more tolerable in that Day for Sodom
than for that city.
men were to make a public proclamation against these cities that would not
receive them. Shaking the dust off their feet and saying what they did was
teaching that city that they had the opportunity to hear the truth, but they
have rejected it and now their blood will be on their own heads because these
men did what they were supposed to do. Regarding the idea of shaking the dust
off your feet, notice what Adam Clarke wrote:
The Jews considered themselves
defiled by the dust of a heathen country, which was represented by the prophets
as a "polluted land," Amos 7:17, when compared with the land of
Israel, which was considered as a "holy land," Ezekiel 14:1; therefore, to shake the dust of
any city of Israel from off one's clothes or feet was
an EMBLEMATICAL action, signifying a renunciation of all further
connection with them, and placing them on a level with the cities of
the HEATHEN. See Amos 9:7.
verse 12, Jesus says that it will be worse for these cities that reject them
than for Sodom on that Day. That Day is referring to the final judgment day.
This certainly implies that there different degrees of punishment in hell. Next,
Jesus is going to name a few cities that have already rejected the truth.
Luke 10:13 " Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For
if the mighty works which were done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon,
they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes.† 14 "But it will be more
tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the judgment than for you.† 15 "And you, Capernaum, who
are exalted to heaven, will be brought down to Hades
This statement proves that many of the mighty works Jesus
did are not recorded in Scripture because we do not read about any of His works
done in Chorazin and we only have a brief mentioning of his work done in Bethsaida.
These people had the privilege to hear Jesus speak and to see great miracles
done, but they did not repent. However, Jesus says that Tyre and Sidon would have,
which is why it will be more tolerable for them on the Day of Judgment.
Then He singles out Capernaum, which is a city Jesus did
many miracles in, some of which we have recorded in the Bible. Since Jesus is
speaking against their rejection, when He says that they will be brought down
to Hades, which is the place of the dead, we can know that He is referring to
the same part of Hades that the rich man found himself in.
I think what Jesus says next is profound:
who hears you hears Me, he who rejects you rejects Me, and he who rejects Me
rejects Him who sent Me."
I want you to think about this. When they or even we
speak the Word of God to others and they reject what it says, they are not just
rejecting you, they are rejecting Jesus, which in turn in rejecting the Father.
This is a similar thought to what Jesus taught in Mt. 25, where He basically
says that ever is done to us as Christians is just like it is being done to
Christ. Let us not forget this connection because it is important. While we may
feel bad that people reject us when we teach, it goes much deeper because they
are also rejecting God.
Luke 10:17 Then the seventy returned with joy, saying, "Lord,
even the demons are subject to us in Your name."† 18 And He said to them, "I
saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven.†
When these men returned, they were full of joy because of
what they are able to do by the authority of Jesus. They seemed surprised that
even the demons were subject to them. When Jesus said, "I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven. He was not
saying that He literally saw Satan fall from heaven. In fact, our text does not
actually say that he fell from heaven, but that Satan fell like lightening from
When we read this verse, we need to keep in mind what
just happened. The 70 had gone out and exercised authority over the devil by
casting out these demons. So Jesus was expressing how †Satanís powers were crumbling and how he was
losing control as these disciples were casting out his demons. Of course, Satan
would find out how weak, he would really become once Jesus conquered death.
I give you the authority to trample on serpents and scorpions, and over all the
power of the enemy, and nothing shall by any means hurt you.† 20 "Nevertheless do not
rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rather rejoice
because your names are written in heaven."
It is too hard to tell from this text if Jesus was
talking about literal serpents and scorpions because we do have an example of
Paul being bitten by a viper that should have killed him but it did not. Jesus
also gives a similar statement in Mk. 16:17-18, but since Satan and his demons
are in the immediate context, itís certainly possible that this term serpents
and scorpions metaphorically refers to anything that Satan might throw their
way will not harm them.
Even though these men were able to have such power thanks
to Jesus, He tells them not to rejoice in the power they have over the spirits,
but to rejoice that their names are written in heaven. I personally think this
is one of the reasons that miracles and signs were limited because if they were
still around man would have a tendency to focus on the power instead of seeing
what was more important, which was having your name written in heaven.
Sure, it would be great to be able to do things that defy the law of nature, but we have had many movies made over the years about people having such powers and how many times this ends up corrupting them. We even see some people who allow their talents to corrupt them. The point is this. No matter how smart you are or what you capable of doing, the focus of your joy should be that your name is written in heaven.
Luke 10:21 †In that hour Jesus
rejoiced in the Spirit and said, "I thank You, Father, Lord of heaven and
earth, that You have hidden these things from the wise and prudent and
revealed them to babes. Even so, Father, for so it seemed good in Your
Jesus had the full measure of the Holy Spirit, and we see
Jesus rejoicing in the Spirit. Jesus thanks the Father in heaven with prayer.
Every example we have in Scripture shows that our prayers are to be directed to
the Father and not to Jesus or anyone else. Instead, we pray to the Father in
Jesus was thankful for the knowledge that these 70 men received
that was hidden from the wise and prudent. Over and over again you see God
using those who are considered weak and insignificant to carry out his will.
Why? Because these people are the ones who usually were humble and †had great faith in God.
However the wise and prudent tend to think they know it
all like the Pharisees and the Scribes, but their alleged wisdom is a stumbling
block for them and many times they are not humble enough to receive the truth
from God. Paul explains this quite well in:
1 Corinthians 1:18 For the message of the cross is foolishness to those who
are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God.† 19 For it is written: "I will
destroy the wisdom of the wise, And bring to nothing the understanding of the
prudent."† 20 Where is
the wise? Where is the scribe? Where is the disputer of this
age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of this world?† 21 For since, in the wisdom of
God, the world through wisdom did not know God, it pleased God through the
foolishness of the message preached to save those who believe.† 22 For Jews request a sign, and
Greeks seek after wisdom;† 23
but we preach Christ crucified, to the Jews a stumbling block and to the Greeks
foolishness,† 24 but to those
who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of
God.† 25 Because the
foolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness of God is stronger than
men.† 26 For you see your
calling, brethren, that not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty,
not many noble, are called.† 27
But God has chosen the foolish things of the world to put to shame the wise,
and God has chosen the weak things of the world to put to shame the things
which are mighty;† 28 and the
base things of the world and the things which are despised God has chosen, and
the things which are not, to bring to nothing the things that are,† 29 that no flesh should glory in
His presence.† 30 But of Him
you are in Christ Jesus, who became for us wisdom from God -- and righteousness
and sanctification and redemption --† 31
that, as it is written, "He who glories, let him glory in the
Jesus continues to thank the Father in:
things have been delivered to Me by My Father, and no one knows who the Son is
except the Father, and who the Father is except the Son, and the one to
whom the Son wills to reveal Him."††††††††††††††††††
Jesus is teaching the same basic message He is taught
before. Everything that Jesus said and did came from the Father. No one knows
the Father like the Son because both are Deity. They are one in nature. This is
why Jesus could say:
John 14:7" If you had known Me, you would have known My
Father also; and from now on you know Him and have seen Him."† 8 Philip said to Him, "Lord,
show us the Father, and it is sufficient for us."† 9 Jesus said to him, "Have I
been with you so long, and yet you have not known Me, Philip? He who has seen
Me has seen the Father; so how can you say, 'Show us the Father'?
As the Father revealed His words to Jesus, Jesus taught
the same words to His apostles.
John 17:8 "For I have given to them the words which You have
given Me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came
forth from You; and they have believed that You sent Me.
We in turn can read Godís Word and have access to the
fully revealed word of God. As Paul said:
Ephesians 3:2 if indeed you have heard of the dispensation of the
grace of God which was given to me for you,†
3 how that by revelation He made known to me the mystery (as
I have briefly written already,† 4
by which, when you read, you may understand my knowledge in the mystery of
Christ),† 5 which in other
ages was not made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed by the Spirit
to His holy apostles and prophets:
We should be thankful that we have such knowledge
available to us all.
Luke 10:23 Then He turned to His disciples and said
privately, "Blessed are the eyes which see the things you see;† 24 "for I tell you that many
prophets and kings have desired to see what you see, and have not seen it, and
to hear what you hear, and have not heard it."
These disciples were truly blessed. As Jesus said, many
kings and prophets had a great desire to be alive when the Messiah would come,
but they did not get to. These 70 men and all those during that time were
fortunate enough to be able to see the Son of God with their own eyes and to be
able to see the wonderful miracles first hand. What an exciting time to be alive.
The sad thing is that though many of these Jews during
that time were looking for the coming of the Messiah many of them rejected him.
As great as it would have been to be able to talk with Jesus in person and see
some of the wonders He did, we are also blessed today as well because we get to
read and see in our mindís eye all that God did for us from the beginning time.
Just like many of the Jews in the first century, many today reject their
Messiah because they are too wise and prudent to accept the truth.
I hope that none of us ever takes Jesus for granted or
takes for granted that we have the Word of God to read and study whenever we
want to. We serve a wonderful and merciful God. So, let us always rejoice that
He is our Creator and let us be confident that if we love Him and keep His
commandants that our names are written in heaven. I also hope this lesson will
remind you to be evangelistic as well and how we should not allow people or
things to distract from doing good works for the Lord.