Exodus 12 -13
Tonight our lesson will come from Exodus 12 and Exodus 13. You might recall from our lesson over the 10 plagues that before God actually made the 10th plague happen he instructs Moses in Chapter 12 about the Passover. First we are going to examine what was involved in the Passover Let us begin by reading in Exodus 12:1
Exodus 12:1 Now the
LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,† 2 "This month shall be your
beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you.† 3 "Speak to all the
Not only was God
instituting the Passover he was making this time a new year a new beginning for
the Children of Israel. It is believed that this was around March or April that
this new year began. On the 10th day of this new year a goat or lamb
was to be selected. This a family event and every house hold was to do this.
Now we learn that the God would allow 2 smaller families to share a goat or
lamb. Now this could not just be any lamb or Goat it was to be carefully chosen
and made sure that did not have any blemishes which means that it was healthy
animal and one your best. The second provision was that had to be a male and it
had be within its first year. Then on the 14th day the animals was
to be killed at twilight or the evening and some of its blood put on the two
door post and the lintel (the top part of the door).
they shall eat the flesh on that night; roasted in fire, with unleavened bread and
with bitter herbs they shall eat it. The bitter herbs were to remind the children of
'Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted in fire -- its
head with its legs and its entrails.† 10
'You shall let none of it remain until morning, and what remains of it until
morning you shall burn with fire. The lamb had to be roasted and could not be eaten raw or boiled and every
thing was to be eaten from head to his feet before morning came. Now historical
traditions says that each person portions wasnít very big I could just imaging
if I were there that I would try to get a portion that I liked. I personally
would try to avoid the brain or any other inward part of the animal.
'And thus you shall eat it: with a belt on your waist, your sandals on
your feet, and your staff in your hand. So you shall eat it in haste. It is the
This shows us that the
children of Israel were to be ready to leave in moments notice as learn latter
they did have time to prepare much food before the Pharaoh ran them out of his
kingdom. We also learn from this verse that this was the lord Passover.
12 'For I will pass through the
Here we learn about the
feast of the unleavened bread which also represents what God did for the
Now Moses takes what God
has told him and he tells it to the Children of Israel but notice what he says
Children are always
watching and learning from you. Its only natural for them† to ask questions about things they do not
understand and God knows this. He knew that there children would ask them why
are killing a lamb why are going 7 days without eating anything with leaven?
This would give them the opportunity to teach them about God.
This brings us to the
second part of our lessons in which I am going show you how the Passover lamb
is a type of Christ and how this feast is similar to the Lords Supper. Just as
the Children of Israel were to teach their children about the Passover, in a
similar manner when our kids see us partaking of the Lords Supper and they want
to know why† we do it. We need to teach
them why and how Jesus is our Passover lamb. The Passover lamb in the OT was
only for the Children of Israel but the Jesus our Passover lamb is for
everyone.† Notice what John† the Baptist says about† Jesus.
John 1:29 ††29 The next day John saw Jesus
coming toward him, and said, "Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the
sin of the world!
Jesus truly is our
Passover lamb. With this in mind let us now compare the similarities between
the Passover lamb and Jesus Christ.
Exodus 12:5 Lamb without
Jesus was without blemish
Hebrews 4:15 For we
do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in
all points tempted as we are, yet without sin.
Exodus 12:5 Lamb was to
the best of the flock
Jesus was the best
Exodus 12: 5-13 The Lamb had to be slain before Salvation
Jesus had to be slain before mankind could be saved
Hebrews 9:24 For
Christ has not entered the holy places made with hands, which are copies
of the true, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for
us;† 25 not that He should
offer Himself often, as the high priest enters the Most Holy Place every year
with blood of another --† 26
He then would have had to suffer often since the foundation of the world; but
now, once at the end of the ages, He has appeared to put away sin by the
sacrifice of Himself.
Exodus 12:9 The Lambís
bones were not broken
Jesus bones were not
Exodus 12:8 Lamb must be
Jesus must be eaten
When we eat of his flesh
and drink of his blood this means we become like him we strive follow after him
by obeying all his words.
Exodus 12:14-28 The
Passover was celebrated yearly
Death of Jesus is
Matthew 26:26 And as
they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it
to the disciples and said, "Take, eat; this is My body."† 27 Then He took the cup, and gave
thanks, and gave it to them, saying, "Drink from it, all of
you.† 28 "For this is My
blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of
sins.† 29 "But I say to
you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when
I drink it new with you in My Father's kingdom."
When do find Christians
partaking of the Lord Supper with Christ?
Acts 20:7 ††7 Now on the first day of
the week, when the disciples came together to break bread,
Passover was a very serious matter and the Children of Israel had to prepare
for it and make sure they didnít have leaven in their house. Christians should
also take the Lord Supper very serious and should partake of it with a serious
1 Corinthians 11:23-29
†23 For I received from
the Lord that which I also delivered to you: that the Lord Jesus on the same
night in which He was betrayed took bread;†
24 and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said,
"Take, eat; this is My body which is broken for you; do this in
remembrance of Me."† 25
In the same manner He also took the cup after supper, saying,
"This cup is the new covenant in My blood. This do, as often as you drink it,
in remembrance of Me."† 26
For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord's
death till He comes.† 27
Therefore whoever eats this bread or drinks this cup of the Lord in an
unworthy manner will be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.† 28 But let a man examine himself,
and so let him eat of the bread and drink of the cup.† 29 For he who eats and drinks in
an unworthy manner eats and drinks judgment to himself, not discerning the
Just like the Passover we
are remembering what Christ did for us and when we partake of it we are
proclaiming Christ death for all sinners until he comes again. A person who
does not partake of the Lords Supper in worthy manner is like the Jew in OT
that would be found with leaven in household he would† be found guilty. Its important that we know
what we are doing when we eat of the bread and drink of the fruit of the vine.
It also serves as reminder for us to live more faithful lives as remember
sacrifice Christ made for us.
Exodus 12:43-48 †43 And the LORD said to Moses and
Aaron, "This is the ordinance of the Passover: No foreigner shall
eat it.† 44 "But every
man's servant who is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then he
may eat it.† 45 "A
sojourner and a hired servant shall not eat it.†
46 "In one house it shall be eaten; you shall not carry
any of the flesh outside the house, nor shall you break one of its bones.† 47 "All the congregation of
Only those that were
circumsized were to partake of the Passover.
In similar manner only
those who have been circumsized in the heart through† baptism should partake of the Lords supper.
Colossians 2: 11
In Him you were also circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, by
putting off the body of the sins of the flesh, by the circumcision of
Christ,† 12 buried with Him in
baptism, in which you also were raised with Him through faith in the
working of God, who raised Him from the dead.
Notice what Paul says.
1 Corinthians 10:6 The cup
of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The
bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?† 17 For we, though many, are
one bread and one body; for we all partake of that one bread.
Notice that is only those
that are of the one body which is the church that are to partake of the Lords
The Children of Israel do
as their instructed and the 10th plague comes true and then we read
about there exodus out
37- 38 We learn that
there were 600,000 thousand men. This number did not include the women† or the children. The children would be anyone
19 and under. It also did not include the Egyptians that came along with them.
There could have easily have been somewhere between 2millon and 3 million
people that were leaving
Exodus 13:1-10 Moses† once again stresses the importance of feast
of the Unleavened bread and Lord also tells Moses that the Children of Israel
are consecrate or set aside the first born of both man and animal.
Exodus 13:11-16 We learn
more about this giving of the first born.
Exodus 13:11 "
And it shall be, when the LORD brings you into the land of the Canaanites, as
He swore to you and your fathers, and gives it to you,† 12 "that you shall set apart
to the LORD all that open the womb, that is, every firstborn that comes from an
animal which you have; the males shall be the LORD's.† 13 "But every firstborn of a
donkey you shall redeem with a lamb; and if you will not redeem it, then
you shall break its neck. And all the firstborn of man among your sons you
shall redeem.† 14 "So it
shall be, when your son asks you in time to come, saying, 'What is this?'
that you shall say to him, 'By strength of hand the LORD brought us out of
Egypt, out of the house of bondage.† 15
'And it came to pass, when Pharaoh was stubborn about letting us go, that the
LORD killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man
and the firstborn of beast. Therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all males that
open the womb, but all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.'† 16 "It shall be as a sign on
your hand and as frontlets between your eyes, for by strength of hand the LORD
brought us out of
The 1st born
of animal that is a male is to be sacrificed.
A donkey can be redeemed
or replaced with a sacrifice of a lamb
All first born male
children are to redeemed by an animal sacrifice. And again it these sacrifices
are to be used to teach the children about what God did for them in
Once again we† see a lamb being about to redeem mankind and
that exactly what Jesus Christ did† for
all of us he was lamb that was sacrificed so that we could live and have
forgiveness of sin. And should always strive to teach our children about how
Christ died for us so that we could be redeemed.†