2 Samuel part 1
Tonight we will be getting back to our OT series as we begin to dive into the book of 2 Samuel. I want to remind you that 1 and 2 Samuel are really one book. Now the material that we have in 2nd Samuel is believed to have been written by Nathan and Gad. This assumption in made because of what,
1 Chronicles 29:29 Now the
acts of King David, first and last, indeed they are written in the book
of Samuel the seer, in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the book of Gad
the seer,† 30 with all his
reign and his might, and the events that happened to him, to Israel, and to all
the kingdoms of the lands.
While it is certainly
possible these men wrote 2 Samuel we donít know for certain who did.
Key phrase: before the lord occurs 10 times
2 Samuel 7:12 "
When your days are fulfilled and you rest with your fathers, I will set up your
seed after you, who will come from your body, and I will establish his
kingdom.† 13 "He shall
build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom
This of course is
prophecy of Christ and the establishment of his kingdom which we are a part of
2 Samuel 22:21
"The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness; According to the
cleanness of my hands He has recompensed me.†
22 For I have kept the ways of the LORD, And have not
wickedly departed from my God.
These verse show how God
looks favorable on those who do his will and how he will remove his favor from
those who do not serve him.
This chapter is a turning
point in the life of David because this is when willful sins against God. It
records his adulterous relationship with Bathsheba and how she becomes pregnant
with his child. It also records how he tried to cover it up and when that failed
he ordered Bathshebaís husband Uraih to the front lines of a battle and told
his men to withdraw so that he would be killed. Then David takes Bathsheba as
his wife. Even though David thought he had pulled the wool over everyoneís eyes
he could not hid his sin from God. God sends Nathan the prophet to let David
know that he hadnít got away with his sin and that there was going to be great
consequences for his sin.
2 Samuel 12:10 'Now
therefore, the sword shall never depart from your house, because you have
despised Me, and have taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your
wife.'† 11 "Thus says the
LORD: 'Behold, I will raise up adversity against you from your own house; and I
will take your wives before your eyes and give them to your neighbor,
and he shall lie with your wives in the sight of this sun.† 12 'For you did it secretly,
but I will do this thing before all
Because of Davidís sin he
would never rest from his enemies and he would have great turmoil within his
own family. If this wasnít bad enough God also made Davidís new born baby die
all because of his sin.
The main subject of this book is the reign of David. First it deals with his
Some of the key events of this book.
Some other notable points.
David is the
first one to describe a King as ďthe Lordís anointedĒ 2 Sam. 1:14
In chapter 6
Uzzah touches the ark to steady and he dies instantly because it was against
Godís law for him to do. This shows us just how important it is to follow Godís
contains two parables. The selfish rich man and the little lamb Ch. 12 and the
banished son Ch. 14.
that his word came from God in 23:2 and Jesus backs up his claim Matthew
22:43 He said to them, "How
then does David in the Spirit call Him 'Lord,' saying:† 44 'The LORD said to my Lord,
"Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool" '? †
David wants to build a temple for the Lord but God
does not allow him because he was man of war.
David sins once again when he numbers the people
when he wasnít suppose to and we are told that the devil provoked him to sin.
1 Chronicles 21:1 Now Satan stood up against
Early on his life David
was a called a man after Godís own heart Acts
13:22. He was the greatest king of
2 of Davidís greatest
accomplishments was that he established a great kingdom and the many wonderful
Psalms that he wrote. Although David sinned from time to time he was a man who
served God with his whole heart.
1 Kings 14:7
"Go, tell Jeroboam, 'Thus says the LORD God of Israel: "Because I
exalted you from among the people, and made you ruler over My people
Israel,† 8 "and tore the
kingdom away from the house of David, and gave it to you; and yet you
have not been as My servant David, who kept My commandments and who followed
Me with all his heart, to do only what was right in My eyes;
The reason why David was
such a great servant of God was because he always recognized when he had sinned
and he was always repetitive of his actions and knew that God would forgive him
of his sins. Now the best way I can show you how repetitive is to read a couple
of the Psalms that he wrote. Please listen careful to his words.
Psalm 51:1 To the
Chief Musician. A Psalm of David when Nathan the prophet went to him, after he
had gone in to Bathsheba. Have mercy upon me, O God, According to Your
lovingkindness; According to the multitude of Your tender mercies, Blot out my
transgressions.† 2 Wash me
thoroughly from my iniquity, And cleanse me from my sin.† 3 For I acknowledge my
transgressions, And my sin is always before me.† 4 Against You, You only, have I
sinned, And done this evil in Your sight -- That You may be found just
when You speak, And blameless when You judge.† 5 Behold, I was brought forth in
iniquity, And in sin my mother conceived me.†
6 Behold, You desire truth in the inward parts, And in the
hidden part You will make me to know wisdom.† 7 Purge me with hyssop, and I
shall be clean; Wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.† 8 Make me hear joy and gladness, That
the bones You have broken may rejoice.†
9 Hide Your face from my sins, And blot out all my
iniquities.† 10 Create in me a
clean heart, O God, And renew a steadfast spirit within me.† 11 Do not cast me away from Your
presence, And do not take Your Holy Spirit from me.† 12 Restore to me the joy of Your
salvation, And uphold me by Your generous Spirit.† 13 Then I will teach
transgressors Your ways, And sinners shall be converted†
When you take the time to
allow Davidís words here to really sink in it become evident that David was
true sorry for what he had done and he was very concerned about making things
right with God. The last thing that he wanted was to be separated from God.
Also I want to read,
Psalm 32:1 A Psalm
of David. A Contemplation. Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven,
Whose sin is covered.† 2
Blessed is the man to whom the LORD does not impute iniquity, And in
whose spirit there is no deceit.† 3
When I kept silent, my bones grew old Through my groaning all the day
long.† 4 For day and night
Your hand was heavy upon me; My vitality was turned into the drought of summer.
Selah† 5 I acknowledged my sin
to You, And my iniquity I have not hidden. I said, "I will confess my
transgressions to the LORD," And You forgave the iniquity of my sin.
Selah† 6 For this cause
everyone who is godly shall pray to You In a time when You may be found; Surely
in a flood of great waters They shall not come near him.† 7 You are my hiding place;
You shall preserve me from trouble; You shall surround me with songs of
deliverance. Selah† 8 I will
instruct you and teach you in the way you should go; I will guide you with My
eye.† 9 Do not be like the
horse or like the mule, Which have no understanding, Which must
be harnessed with bit and bridle, Else they will not come near you.† 10 Many sorrows shall be to
the wicked; But he who trusts in the LORD, mercy shall surround him.† 11 Be glad in the LORD and
rejoice, you righteous; And shout for joy, all you upright in heart!
Of course there are many
other Psalms we could look at but these 2 should be enough to show just how
much love David had for God and how much trust he put in the Lord that when
repented that his sins would be forgiven. This is certainly important for us to
remember today as well. You know there is not anybody in this room who is
perfect and we all fall short of the glory of God but because of what Jesus did
for us we all have the ability overcome sins by confessing them to God and
asking for forgiveness just like David did and most important we must learn to
trust that God has indeed forgiven us of our sins and that our slate is now
clean once again. Of course we also learn from David that we cannot hid our
sins from God and we shouldnít even try to. Well that it for our introduction
into 2 Sam now let dive Chapter 1.
2 Samuel 1:1 Now it
came to pass after the death of Saul, when David had returned from the
slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had stayed two days in Ziklag,† 2 on the third day, behold, it
happened that a man came from Saul's camp with his clothes torn and dust on his
head. So it was, when he came to David, that he fell to the ground and
prostrated himself.† 3 And
David said to him, "Where have you come from?" So he said to him,
"I have escaped from the camp of
Now you might remember
from our last lesson from the book of 1 Samuel I told there was more to the
story of Saulís death that we would look at in this chapter that we are in now.
Now according to this Amalekite he saw Saul leaning on his spear begging for
his life to be taken and this man says that he killed Saul at his request and
as we read we can see that this really upsets David and his men as the tore
their clothes and cried and fasted until evening. Now if you will remember I
have shown you several times where the Bible records what someone is saying and
it sometimes it doesnít come right out and say whether or not the person was
lying. Well I personally believe then Amalekite was lying to David about how he
killed the King at his request and here are the reason why.
First of all look at,
1 Samuel 31:3 The
battle became fierce against Saul. The archers hit him, and he was severely
wounded by the archers.† 4
Then Saul said to his armorbearer, "Draw your sword, and thrust me through
with it, lest these uncircumcised men come and thrust me through and abuse
me." But his armorbearer would not, for he was greatly afraid. Therefore
Saul took a sword and fell on it.†
5 And when his armorbearer saw that Saul was dead, he
also fell on his sword, and died with him. Also 1Chron. 10:3-5
Here we have 2 different
records that show that Saul was severely wounded. Then on top of arrow or
arrows that was in his body he then falls on his sword and his armor bearer
sees that he is dead and then kills himself. Now the only way the Amalkites
story could be true is if somehow Saul had just passed out and this fooled his
armor bearer and then he came to and then asked him to kill him. However I
cannot see this happening when Saul was already severely wounded and had fallen
on his sword. One thing we know for sure is that man was there and saw Saul
because he took his crown and his bracelet.
Now another reason I
think this man was lying was because he had a motive for lying as we read in,
2 Samuel 4:10 "when someone told me, saying,
'Look, Saul is dead,' thinking to have brought good news, I arrested him and
had him executed in Ziklag -- the one who thought I would give him a
reward for his news.
Here David lets us know that this Amalekite
thought he would get a reward from David for what he had done. So all of these
things combined together tells me that this man was lying about killing King
Saul and we continue to read we see that his lie didnít pay off.
2 Samuel 1:13 Then David said to the young man
who told him, "Where are you from?" And he answered, "I am
the son of an alien, an Amalekite."†
14 So David said to him, "How was it you were not afraid
to put forth your hand to destroy the LORD's anointed?"† 15 Then David called one of the
young men and said, "Go near, and execute him!" And he struck
him so that he died.† 16 So
David said to him, "Your blood is on your own head, for your own
mouth has testified against you, saying, 'I have killed the LORD's anointed.'
So instead of receive a
reward he received death instead.
Now in the last part of
this chapter David being a great song writer writes a song about Saul and his
sons because he wants everyone to remember them. I will finish our lesson this
evening by reading this song.
"The beauty of